# Dividing Polynomials - Definition, Synthetic Division, Long Division, and Examples

Polynomials are mathematical expressions which consist of one or several terms, each of which has a variable raised to a power. Dividing polynomials is an important operation in algebra that includes finding the quotient and remainder when one polynomial is divided by another. In this blog article, we will investigate the various techniques of dividing polynomials, consisting of synthetic division and long division, and offer instances of how to apply them.

We will further discuss the importance of dividing polynomials and its applications in various domains of mathematics.

## Prominence of Dividing Polynomials

Dividing polynomials is an important operation in algebra that has several utilizations in diverse domains of math, involving number theory, calculus, and abstract algebra. It is used to work out a extensive spectrum of problems, consisting of figuring out the roots of polynomial equations, figuring out limits of functions, and working out differential equations.

In calculus, dividing polynomials is applied to work out the derivative of a function, that is the rate of change of the function at any moment. The quotient rule of differentiation involves dividing two polynomials, that is used to figure out the derivative of a function that is the quotient of two polynomials.

In number theory, dividing polynomials is utilized to learn the characteristics of prime numbers and to factorize large numbers into their prime factors. It is also utilized to learn algebraic structures for instance fields and rings, which are rudimental ideas in abstract algebra.

In abstract algebra, dividing polynomials is applied to specify polynomial rings, which are algebraic structures which generalize the arithmetic of polynomials. Polynomial rings are used in many domains of math, including algebraic geometry and algebraic number theory.

## Synthetic Division

Synthetic division is an approach of dividing polynomials which is utilized to divide a polynomial with a linear factor of the form (x - c), where c is a constant. The technique is founded on the fact that if f(x) is a polynomial of degree n, subsequently the division of f(x) by (x - c) offers a quotient polynomial of degree n-1 and a remainder of f(c).

The synthetic division algorithm involves writing the coefficients of the polynomial in a row, utilizing the constant as the divisor, and carrying out a sequence of workings to figure out the remainder and quotient. The answer is a streamlined structure of the polynomial which is straightforward to work with.

## Long Division

Long division is an approach of dividing polynomials that is utilized to divide a polynomial by another polynomial. The technique is based on the reality that if f(x) is a polynomial of degree n, and g(x) is a polynomial of degree m, where m ≤ n, then the division of f(x) by g(x) gives a quotient polynomial of degree n-m and a remainder of degree m-1 or less.

The long division algorithm includes dividing the highest degree term of the dividend with the highest degree term of the divisor, and then multiplying the outcome with the total divisor. The outcome is subtracted from the dividend to reach the remainder. The process is repeated until the degree of the remainder is less compared to the degree of the divisor.

## Examples of Dividing Polynomials

Here are a number of examples of dividing polynomial expressions:

### Example 1: Synthetic Division

Let's assume we want to divide the polynomial f(x) = 3x^3 + 4x^2 - 5x + 2 with the linear factor (x - 1). We could use synthetic division to simplify the expression:

1 | 3 4 -5 2 | 3 7 2 |---------- 3 7 2 4

The answer of the synthetic division is the quotient polynomial 3x^2 + 7x + 2 and the remainder 4. Hence, we can express f(x) as:

f(x) = (x - 1)(3x^2 + 7x + 2) + 4

### Example 2: Long Division

Example 2: Long Division

Let's assume we have to divide the polynomial f(x) = 6x^4 - 5x^3 + 2x^2 + 9x + 3 by the polynomial g(x) = x^2 - 2x + 1. We can use long division to simplify the expression:

First, we divide the highest degree term of the dividend with the largest degree term of the divisor to get:

6x^2

Next, we multiply the entire divisor by the quotient term, 6x^2, to obtain:

6x^4 - 12x^3 + 6x^2

We subtract this from the dividend to get the new dividend:

6x^4 - 5x^3 + 2x^2 + 9x + 3 - (6x^4 - 12x^3 + 6x^2)

that simplifies to:

7x^3 - 4x^2 + 9x + 3

We repeat the method, dividing the highest degree term of the new dividend, 7x^3, by the largest degree term of the divisor, x^2, to get:

7x

Subsequently, we multiply the whole divisor with the quotient term, 7x, to achieve:

7x^3 - 14x^2 + 7x

We subtract this from the new dividend to achieve the new dividend:

7x^3 - 4x^2 + 9x + 3 - (7x^3 - 14x^2 + 7x)

that simplifies to:

10x^2 + 2x + 3

We recur the process again, dividing the largest degree term of the new dividend, 10x^2, with the largest degree term of the divisor, x^2, to achieve:

10

Next, we multiply the whole divisor by the quotient term, 10, to obtain:

10x^2 - 20x + 10

We subtract this of the new dividend to obtain the remainder:

10x^2 + 2x + 3 - (10x^2 - 20x + 10)

that streamlines to:

13x - 10

Thus, the outcome of the long division is the quotient polynomial 6x^2 - 7x + 9 and the remainder 13x - 10. We could state f(x) as:

f(x) = (x^2 - 2x + 1)(6x^2 - 7x + 9) + (13x - 10)

## Conclusion

In conclusion, dividing polynomials is an essential operation in algebra that has multiple uses in numerous fields of math. Getting a grasp of the different methods of dividing polynomials, such as synthetic division and long division, could guide them in working out complex problems efficiently. Whether you're a learner struggling to understand algebra or a professional operating in a domain that consists of polynomial arithmetic, mastering the concept of dividing polynomials is important.

If you require support comprehending dividing polynomials or anything related to algebraic concept, contemplate connecting with us at Grade Potential Tutoring. Our expert teachers are available remotely or in-person to offer individualized and effective tutoring services to support you be successful. Connect with us right now to plan a tutoring session and take your math skills to the next stage.